Read & Educate Yourself With This Beginners’ Guide To Guns in 2021

Woah, you’re getting the first gun, yay!

You’re about to join the large club of gun owners and start a lifelong venture. In this, we’ll provide a broad overview of the things you must know before buying a gun. We’ll also spill some things you need to do to extract the most of your firearm. We’ll start by going over the fundamentals of guns, how they work, how to fire, and all the essential details.

Next, we’ll talk about the best guns for beginners, before getting into the nitty-gritty of the manufacturers, and more complicated matters like concealed carry, hunting, and a reloading press. As we begin, the foremost thing is to have a clear understanding of how you’re going to use your gun. Are you thinking of accompanying your buddy on a hunting venture? Or are you purchasing a home defense gun or a personal defense gun? Or is it simply for plinking?

When you are crystal clear about the purpose of owning a particular then a huge chunk of questions become easier to answer.

Shooting Fundamentals You Must Know 

All present firearms function in essentially the same manner. Bullets are shipped in cartridges, which are brass cases that also contain a small primer charge and smokeless powder. You load these cartridges into a magazine, which is a plastic sleeve or a metal one with a spring-loaded feeder that pushes the cartridges towards the peak.

The magazine is fed into the bottom of a gun’s chamber. When someone cycles the action whether by pulling the slide on a semi-automatic or by cycling the bolt or manual action-pusher loads a cartridge from the magazine into the chamber, which is then locked when the action moved all the way ahead. Simultaneously a spring-loaded hammer is locked back into position behind the chamber.

When this happens, the back of the barrel fits tightly around the front brass rim on the cartridge.

When the trigger is pulled, the hammer is released and strikes a firing pin that kindles the primer. The primer ignites the main charge, which pushes the bullet out of the cartridge and down the barrel.

The lip of the cartridge grows outwards to seal with the barrel that’ll ensure all the hot gas from the explosion continues to accelerate the bullet as long as it is concealed inside the barrel.

At this point, on a bolt or pump action, you manually cycle the action to release the used cartridge and place a new one inside. On a semi-automatic firearm, this happens automatically with each pull of the trigger, so you can fire repeatedly without having to cock your gun.

While firing a rifle or a shotgun, always shoot with one hand on the trigger grip, and the other hand on a foregrip for endurance. While releasing a pistol, there are several popular stances, but most involve holding the grip with your dominant hand and cupping your non-dominant hand beneath the grip for better stability.

Some Of The Best Guns to Start Off With

You must be wondering what type of gun to start off with depends on exactly what? Well, it depends on nothing but your drives. If you’re on a budget and require something for the home defense, consider a pistol or tactical shotgun. If you’re dying to go on deer hunting with your friend, be clear if you wish to go on a hunt with a rifle or a shotgun and choose the gun respectively.

Some Of The Best Guns to Start Off With

But if you’re searching for a single gun to start your hunting venture with, then a small .22 LR. like the Ruger 10/22, is a good place to begin. A .22 LR rifle can be used to learn how to mount and zero and shoot targets at a distance of 100 yards or more. It is also compact enough to work as a home defense gun.

Not eschewing the fact, practice ammo for a .22 LR is cheap, so you can fire hundreds of rounds at the range without the need to check your budget for weeks beforehand.

Apart from that, if you’re dead set on possessing a pistol in your custody then consider a 9mm semi-automatic, like the Glock 19. You won’t get the same range from this type of gun, but a 9mm is sturdy enough to be a good home defense gun, without the wrist-snapping recoil of a .45

Tools & Gear You’ll Require

There are two kinds of gear: things you’ll need right away and things you may want to purchase later on. Let’s consider each of these.

Essential Day One Gear

Some accessories, you just can’t get away without having to own them. The significant things in this category are ear protection and glasses for shooting. Foam earplugs are enough on an outdoor range, but if you’re shooting on an indoor range you are likely to prefer a big set of earmuffs.

Best ear protection
glasses for shooting
Another thing you need to consider along with your gun is an AR carry case, many states require one when transporting the gun in your car. So be prepared, if you’re planning to leave your house with your firearm because hey you are required to own a case.

The next important thing you need is a gun cleaning kit. Smokeless powder residue is one of the most corrosive chemicals in the world and can source rusting in your chamber and barrel if proper measures are not taken. So always clean and use a gun oil on your gun after every trip to the range, or once a year at a bare minimum even if you have used it. You need to understand that cleaning is essential and it should be done at least once every 4-5 months.

Optional Accessories

Obviously, there are plenty of ways and practical techniques to customize your gun. The owners of handguns may want to invest in a tactical flashlight, laser, or red dot sight. If you own a rifle, adding a rifle sling can make your gun easier to carr, or you can install an optical sight when out on the hunt.

One crucial thing to be aware of when you’re purchasing a gun is whether or not it features Picatinny or M-Lok rails. These systems are largely common and available with accessory manufacturers. You should consider these as a necessity on any AR. Many pistols also have a short Picatinny rail for sights. They are rarely found on hunting rifles, though and almost non-existent on shotguns.

Safety Measures

A gun is precisely a tool used for personal safety. But hey it’s a dangerous tool, like a circular saw or pneumatic nailer. Just like these dangerous tools, it’s important to store it and use it with complete safety measures.

For example, you wouldn’t leave a circular saw plugged in and laying in a table while a two-year-old is playing near. You need to keep it unplugged, in a tool chest. Just like that, if you have any children in your house or the slightest concerns about burglary then it’s a good idea to invest in the best gun safe to guard your firearms. In many places, owning a safe is a legal necessity for purchasing new ammunition.

But there’s more to safety than just keeping your gun out of the hands of children. It’s also crucial to handle it safely. The number one rule of handling a gun is to never point it at anything you don’t intend to shoot, even if it’s not loaded. While practicing this usually means keeping it aimed at the ground whenever it’s not pointed downrange or inside a carrying case.

Now you’re pointed downrange, or sitting in a deer stand. What are other safety rules you need to adhere to?

If your gun has a safety, leave the safety on until just before you want to shoot. In order to take a clean shot a majority of the hunters use the click of their safety to get to their prey to pause long enough.

Whatever you are doing just make sure to keep your fingers off the trigger until you’re ready to take your shot. When holding your gun at the ready, lay your finger along the side of the trigger guard.

Be Alert and Aware

You need to be aware of what’s behind your target, dozens of hunting mishaps are caused every year by hunters who get tunnel vision. Some aren’t aware of someone on the other side of the target and they end up shooting them instead of their game.

When you’re not shooting, make sure to leave the chamber open. It will help you ensure that the gun is never accidentally left loaded.

Concealed Carry Options

One of the primary benefits of possessing a pistol is feasibility and portability. After all, an AR and a tactical shotgun both have more stopping power and even a small rifle is equally well-suited for indoor usage. But carrying a concealed AN, shotgun or a rifle is comparatively a challenge. For guarding yourself on the go, a pistol is the most-suited practical option.

Concealed Carry Options

Well as of now, it’s technically legal to carry a concealed pistol in most of the states. But it is mandatory to attain permits. Post getting a permit, the next thing in line is to decide how you’re going to carry your pistol. Here’s how you can carry your pistol.

 How can you carry a pistol?

1 Waistband Holsters: You can carry your pistol inside the waistband (IWB) holsters. IWB holsters are one of the largely chosen options for concealed carry because they’re the most convenient for a majority of the gun users. The waistband of your pants or skirts can be positioned on your hip, against your abdomen or in your back.

2 Pocket Holsters: these kinds are somewhat expensive to carry a compact or a subcompact pistol. Pocket holsters are generally made from padded nylon and are crafted to secure your pistol in your pocket pants.

3 Outside the Waistband Holsters (OWB): these are carried outside your pants, usually are attached to the belt. These are open carry holsters, and not concealed carry holsters, but it’s necessary to know what the term means.

4 Belly Band Holsters: these holsters are very flexible and can secure your pistol against your abdomen, side, or even back and generally have space for some extra magazines.

5 Ankle Holsters: we will not recommend these. These are generally a poor choice for many people but they are convenient to carry a subcompact pistol for your personal defense.

6 Shoulder Holsters: these are only useful if you’re wearing a jacket. So it’s hardly an option for summers or places with scorching heat. These allow for an easy draw and are a good option for private security.

7 Other Options: if there’s an item of clothing or a type of bag that isn’t already suitable with a holster in it, we’d be surprised. Purses, fanny packs, backpacks, verses, jackets, these can be used as a holster for vulnerable situations.

Reloading

reloading press stand

If you’re getting plenty of practice with your gun you might be able to notice a slight drain on your wallet. If you’re furring larger rounds or shotgun shells, this drain can be more of a flood than a trickle. For that situation, it makes a lot of sense to load your cartridges.

But reloading isn’t for everyone, it’s time-consuming and involves a lot of experience, as well as some specialized equipment. For reloading you’re required:

  • A  press
  • Dyes that are sized for your cartridges
  • A power measure
  • A scale
  • Bullets
  • Primes
  • Powder

That being said, reloading can be a rewarding hobby for some. Not only is it a pleasant way to pass your evening but it can also save a whole lot of your money. One afternoon if you’re running through a hundred rounds of high-caliber ammunition at the ranges it can run you upwards of $100. For $10-$20 and a few hours of time, you can reload the same amount of ammo. So the choice is yours after all.

Hunting

It goes without saying that one of the most common uses of a gun is hunting. Though there are. A few options here as well, all depending upon what kind of game you’re aiming to shoot.

Hunting

Source: Outdoor Life

For small games like birds or rabbits, your best option is a shotgun that is loaded with birdshot. The Remington 870 and Mossberg 500 are popular choices that offer plenty of options to choose from.

If you’re aiming for a deer, you can load a shotgun with slugs for hunting at a shorter distance. For longer-range hunting, you’ll be needing a rifle. You’ll also need a rifle if you’re going to hunt a bear, elk, wild boar, or any other big target.

An AR will get the job done if you’re looking for a gun that can double as a home defense weapon and a hunting rifle. But if you’re looking for the best long-range performance, you’ll be requiring a hunting rifle that’s chambered in a large caliber, like .300, .308, .30-06, or 6.5 Creedmoor.

Conclusion

Post saying all, let’s recall what we said at the beginning of this article holds true: the best beginner’s gun is going to be the best one for your purpose. We understand a target shooter has different needs than someone who’s interested in solely home-defence which is why both the shooters will be needing a different gun.

Whatever you end up picking, just make sure you’re purchasing a gun that has a well-reviewed performance record. The quality of the frame, the reliability of the action, it’s durability and other features that innate to the gun itself. You don’t want to spend your money down in vain, do you?

Add-ons like scopes are a nice plus point but can be easily installed or replaced after a point. As long as you’re content with the base fun, you’ll be more satisfied once you start customizing it.

We hope the article helped in giving some clearer insights about how to pick your first gun. No matter what you end up picking, you’re about to begin a lifetime hobby that’ll unwrap an abundance of excitement as you move ahead. So have a blast, but be extremely careful.